Archives For Bunyan

dusty parlorThe Vital distinction between the Law and the Gospel

Then he took him by the hand, and led him into a very large parlor that was full of dust, because never swept; the which after he had reviewed a little while, the Interpreter called for a man to sweep. Now when he began to sweep, the dust began so abundantly to fly about, that Christian had almost therewith been choked. Then said the Interpreter to a Damsel that stood by, bring hither Water, and sprinkle the room; which when she had done it, was swept and cleansed with pleasure.

Christian: Then said Christian, What means this?

Interpreter: The Interpreter answered, This parlor is the heart of a man that was never sanctified by the sweet Grace of the Gospel (Jer. 17:9, Rom. 3:9-10).  The dust is his Original Sin, and inward Corruptions that have defiled the whole man (Our sin corrupts every aspect of our being, mind, will and affections Rom 5:12). 

He that began to sweep at first, is the Law; but she that brought Water, and did sprinkle it, is the Gospel. Now, whereas you saw that so soon as the first began to sweep, the dust did fly about, that the room by him could not be cleansed, but that you were almost choked therewith; this is to show you, that the Law, instead of cleansing the heart (by its working) from Sin, does revive, put strength into, and increase it in the soul, even as it does discover and forbid it, for it does not give Power to subdue.

Again, as you saw the Damsel sprinkle the room with Water, upon which it was cleansed with pleasure; this is to show you, that when the Gospel comes in, the sweet and precious influences thereof to the heart, then, I say, even as you saw the Damsel lay the dust by sprinkling the floor with Water, so is Sin vanquished and subdued, and the soul made clean, through the Faith of it, and consequently fit for the King of Glory to inhabit.

Application:  The Two Sweepers

What does the first sweeper represent? God’s Law igniting the Hearts corruption

Romans 3:20 because by the works of the Law no flesh will be justified in His sight; for through the Law comes the knowledge of sin.

What does the second servant represent?  An evangelist spreading the good news of the gospel

Heb. 7:18-19;  Gal 3:10-11 For all who rely on works of the law are under a curse; for it is written, “Cursed be everyone who does not abide by all things written in the Book of the Law, and do them. “Now it is evident that no one is justified before God by the law, for “The righteous shall live by faith.”

Thus the balance between the Law/ gospel are important to the Christian and his Pilgrimage to the Celestial City!


The Godly Pastor

Bunyan —  June 11, 2014 — Leave a comment



Interpreter: Then said Interpreter, Come in; I will show thee that which will be profitable to thee. So he commanded his man to light the candle, and bid Christian follow him….so he had him into a private room, and bid his man open a door; the which when he had done, Christian saw the picture a very grave person hang up against the wall; and this was the fashion of it: It had eyes lifted up to heaven, the best of books in his hand, the law of truth was written upon its lips, the world was behind its back; it stood as if it pleaded with men, and a crown of gold did hang over its head.

Christian: Then said Christian, What means this?


Interpreter: The man whose picture this is, is one of a thousand (true pastor): he can beget children, 1 Cor 4:15, travail in birth with children, Gal 4:19, and nurse them himself when they are born. And where you see him with his eyes lift up to heaven, the best of books in his hand, and the law of truth writ on his lips: it is to show thee, that his work is to know, and unfold dark things to sinners; even as also you see him stand as if he pleaded with men. And whereas you see the world as cast behind him, and that a crown hangs over his head; that is to show thee, that slighting and despising the things that are present, for the love that he hath to his Master’s service, he is sure in the world that comes next, to have glory for his reward.


Now, said the Interpreter, I have showed thee this picture first, because the man

whose picture this is, is the only man whom the Lord of the place whither thou art going hath authorized to be thy guide in all difficult places you may meet with in the way: wherefore take good heed to what I have showed thee, and bear well in thy mind what thou hast seen, lest in thy journey thou meet with some that pretend to lead thee right, but their way goes down to death.


Consider how important this section is my dear brethren.  This man is a Biblical picture of a Godly Pastor within the NT church:

Serious and sober pastor- 1 Tim 3:2

Looking towards heaven- Phil. 3:20

The Best of Books in his Hand – Acts 20:32

Proclaims the Truth alone – Acts 20:20, 2 Tim 4:1-2

World behind hid back – 1 John 2:15-17

Pleading with man to be make peace with God- 2 Cor 5:20

Crown of Gold  2 Tim 4:7-8


**Ask yourself if your pastor matches these traits which are drawn from the word of God.  If not, please find a Biblical church to join.

House of Interpreter

Bunyan —  June 4, 2014 — 1 Comment


InterpreterThen he went on till he came at the house of the Interpreter,where he knocked over and over. At last one came to the door, and asked who was there.
Christian: Sir, here is a traveller, who was bid by an acquaintance of the good man of this house to call here for my profit; I would therefore speak with the master of the house.
So he called for the master of the house, who, after a little time, came to Christian, and asked him what he would have. Christian: Sir, said Christian, I am a man that am come from the city of Destruction, and am going to the Mount Zion; and I was told by the man that stands at the gate at the head of this way, that if I called here you would show me excellent things, such as would be helpful to me on my journey.
Interpreter: Then said Interpreter, Come in; I will show thee that which will be profitable to thee. So he commanded his man to light the candle, and bid Christian follow him…..
Observations and Commentary
  • This has been called a gallery of Illustrations.  A Classic within a Classic
  • There is an order and arrangement here which well illustrates Pilgrims Progress, as a Manuel of Christian Experience, and a guide to spiritual advancement
  •   George Cheevers “It would be difficult to find 12 consecutive pages in the English language, that contain such volumes of meaning, in such a beautiful and instructive lessons, with heavenly imagery, in so pure and sweet a style, and with so thrilling an appeal to the best affections of the heart, as these pages descriptive of Christian’s sojourning in the house of the Interpreter.”


  • ·Who does Interpreter Represent? The Holy Spirit
  • John 16:13 “But when He, the Spirit of truth, comes, He will guide you into all the truth; for He will not speak on His own initiative, but whatever He hears, He will speak; and He will disclose to you what is to come.
  • John 14:26  But the Helper, the Holy Spirit, whom the Father will send in my name, He will teach you all things, and bring to your remembrance all that I said to you

  • This whole chapter is a description of the Christian Pilgrim seeking and obtaining light, knowledge and instruction from the source of all Christian teaching, the Holy Spirit
  •  George Cheevers “But we are to observe that Christian did not get into the house of Interpreter, not obtain his precious guidance without knocking, yea, and that earnestly.  This is to signify that after Christ has let us in at the Wicket Gate, our great and immediate work must be to seek with most humble diligence and earnestness the gracious illuminating and sanctifying influences of His Spirit.”


  • Here Bunyan emphasizes the essential role of the Illumination of the  Holy Spirit with regard to the comprehension of the truth of God”   – Barry Horner
  • Psalm 25:9,12,14   He leads the humble in justice, And He teaches the humble His way…..Who is the man who fears the LORD? He will instruct him in the way he should choose…….The secret of the LORD is for those who fear Him, And He will make them know His covenant.

Pilgrim Admonished

Bunyan —  April 11, 2014 — Leave a comment


 Then Evangelist proceeded, saying, Give more earnest heed to the things that I shall tell thee of. I will now show thee who it was that deluded thee, and who it was also to whom he sent thee. The man that met thee is one Worldly Wiseman, and rightly is he so called; partly because he savoreth only the doctrine of this world, (therefore he always goes to the town of Morality to church;) and partly because he loveth that doctrine best, for it saveth him best from the cross: and because he is of this carnal temper, therefore he seeketh to pervert my ways, though right. Now there are three things in this man’s counsel that thou must utterly abhor.   (Pilgrim is Admonished in a pastoral fashion)

Gal. 6:12; 1 Jn 4:5   

1.     His turning thee out of the way 

2.     His laboring to render the cross odious to thee.  

3.     And his setting thy feet in that way that leadeth unto the administration of death.


First, Thou must abhor his turning thee out of the way; yea, and thine own consenting

thereto; because this is to reject the counsel of God for the sake of the counsel of a Worldly Wiseman. The Lord says, “Strive to enter in at the straight gate,” the gate to which I send thee; “for strait is the gate that leadeth unto life, and few there be that find it.” From this little wicket-gate, and from the way thereto, hath this wicked man turned thee, to the bringing of thee almost to destruction: hate, therefore, his turning thee out of the way, and abhor thyself for hearkening to him.  Luke 13:24; Matt 7:13-14


Secondly, Thou must abhor his laboring to render the cross odious unto thee; for thou art to prefer it before the treasures of Egypt. Besides, the King of glory hath told thee, that he that will save his life shall lose it. And he that comes after him, and hates not his father, and mother, and wife, and children, and brethren, and sisters, yea, and his own life also, he cannot be his disciple. I say, therefore, for a man to labor to persuade thee that that shall be thy death, without which, the truth hath said, thou canst not have eternal life, this doctrine thou must abhor.

Thirdly, Thou must hate his setting of thy feet in the way that leadeth to the administration of death. And for this thou must consider to whom he sent thee, and also how unable that person was to deliver thee from thy burden.  Heb. 11:25-26; Mark 8:38, Jn. 12:25



He to whom thou wast sent for ease, being by name Legality, is the son of the bond- woman which now is, and is in bondage with her children, and is, in a mystery, this Mount Sinai, which thou hast feared will fall on thy head. Now if she with her children are in bondage, how canst thou expect by them to be made free? This Legality, therefore, is not able to set thee free from thy burden. No man was as yet ever rid of his burden by him; no, nor ever is like to be: ye cannot be justified by the works of the law; for by the deeds of the law no man living can be rid of his burden: Therefore Mr. Worldly Wiseman is an alien, and Mr. Legality is a cheat; and for his son Civility, notwithstanding his simpering looks, he is but a hypocrite, and cannot help thee. Believe me, there is nothing in all this noise that thou hast heard of these sottish men, but a design to beguile thee of thy salvation, by turning thee from the way in which I had set thee. After this, Evangelist called aloud to the heavens for confirmation of what he had said; and with that there came words and fire out of the mountain under which poor Christian stood, which made the hair of his flesh stand up. The words were pronounced: “As many as are of the works of the law, are under the curse; for it is written, Cursed is every one that continueth not in all things which are written in the book of the law to do them.” Gal. 3:10; 4:6f


Now Christian looked for nothing but death, and began to cry out lamentably; even cursing the time in which he met with Mr. Worldly Wiseman; still calling himself a thousand fools for hearkening to his counsel. He also was greatly ashamed to think that this gentleman’s arguments, flowing only from the flesh, should have the prevalency with him so far as to cause him to forsake the right way. This done, he applied himself again to Evangelist in words and sense as follows.


Christian: Sir, what think you? Is there any hope? May I now go back, and go up to the wicket-gate? Shall I not be abandoned for this, and sent back from thence ashamed? I am sorry I have hearkened to this man’s counsel; but may my sin be forgiven?

Evangelist: Then said Evangelist to him, Thy sin is very great, for by it thou hast com- mitted two evils: thou hast forsaken the way that is good, to tread in forbidden paths. Yet will the man at the gate receive thee, for he has good-will for men; only, said he, take heed that thou turn not aside again, lest thou “perish from the way, when his wrath is kindled but a little.”

So Pilgrim is Admonished

Reading.booksTheological Books awakened Bunyan’s heart:


I changed my condition into a married state, and my mercy was to light upon a wife whose father was counted godly. This woman and I, though we came together as poor as poor might be, not having so much household stuff as a dish or spoon betwixt us both, yet this she had for her part, The Plain Man’s Pathway to heaven, and The Practice of Piety, which her father had left her when he died.

In these two books I should sometimes read with her, wherein I also found some things that were somewhat pleasing to me; but all this while I met with no conviction.


Wherefore these books with this relation, though they did not reach my heart, to awaken it about my sad and sinful state, yet they did beget within me some desires to religion: so that, because I knew no better, I fell in very eagerly with the religion of the times

Pastoral Instruction

Bunyan —  March 27, 2014 — Leave a comment


Evangelist: What doest thou here, Christian? said he: at which words Christian knew not what to answer; wherefore at present he stood speechless before him. Then said Evan- gelist farther, Art not thou the man that I found crying without the walls of the city of De- struction?

Christian: Yes, dear sir, I am the man.
Evangelist: Did not I direct thee the way to the little wicket-gate?
Christian: Yes, dear sir, said Christian.
Evangelist: How is it then thou art so quickly turned aside? For thou art now out of the

Christian: I met with a gentleman so soon as I had got over the Slough of Despond, who persuaded me that I might, in the village before me, find a man that could take off my burden.

Evangelist: What was he?

Christian: He looked like a gentleman, and talked much to me, and got me at last to yield: so I came hither; but when I beheld this hill, and how it hangs over the way, I suddenly made a stand, lest it should fall on my head.

Evangelist: What said that gentleman to you?
Christian: Why, he asked me whither I was going; and I told him.
Evangelist: And what said he then?
Christian: He asked me if I had a family; and I told him. But, said I, I am so laden with
the burden that is on my back, that I cannot take pleasure in them as formerly.

Evangelist: And what said he then?
Christian: He bid me with speed get rid of my burden; and I told him it was ease that I
sought. And, said I, I am therefore going to yonder gate, to receive farther direction how I may get to the place of deliverance. So he said that he would show me a better way, and short, not so attended with difficulties as the way, sir, that you set me in; which way, said he, will direct you to a gentleman’s house that hath skill to take off these burdens: so I believed him, and turned out of that way into this, if haply I might be soon eased of my burden. But when I came to this place, and beheld things as they are, I stopped, for fear (as I said) of danger: but I now know not what to do.  

Evangelist: Then said Evangelist, Stand still a little, that I show thee the words of God. So he stood trembling. Then said Evangelist, “See that ye refuse not Him that speaketh; for if they escaped not who refused him that spake on earth, much more shall not we escape, if we turn away from Him that speaketh from heaven.” He said, moreover, “Now the just shall live by faith; but if any man draw back, my soul shall have no pleasure in him.” He also did thus apply them: Thou art the man that art running into this misery; thou hast begun to reject the counsel of the Most High, and to draw back thy foot from the way of peace, even almost to the hazarding of thy perdition.

Then Christian fell down at his feet as dead, crying, Woe is me, for I am undone! At the sight of which Evangelist caught him by the right hand, saying, “All manner of sin and blasphemies shall be forgiven unto men.”  “Be not faithless, but believing.”  Then did Christian again a little revive, and stood up trembling, as at first, before Evangelist.

Pastoral Instruction:

Heb. 12:25    See to it that you do not refuse Him who is  speaking. For  if those did not escape when they  refused him who  warned them on earth,  much less will we escape who turn away from Him who  warns from heaven.


Matt. 12:31   “ Therefore I say to you, any sin and blasphemy shall be forgiven people, but blasphemy against the Spirit shall not be forgiven.

John 20:27 Then He  said to Thomas, “ Reach here with your finger, and see My hands; and reach here your hand and put it into My side; and do not be unbelieving, but believing.”

The Dangers of Legalism

Bunyan —  March 19, 2014 — Leave a comment



Mr. Worldly Wiseman offered a quick and easy way for Christian to get rid of his burden.   His way was carnal way of Legalism, a way that appeals to the flesh.  He directs poor Christian to Mr. Legality so that he can remove his burden.


Also his burden now seemed heavier to him, than while he was in his way. There came also flashes of fire out of the hill, that made Christian afraid that he should be burned. Here, therefore, he sweat and did quake for fear. And now he began to be sorry that he had taken Mr. Worldly-wiseman’s counsel.  


Christian‘s burden grew heavier as he is overwhelmed with fear.  Outward reformation is never a suitable replacement for faith in Christ.  The Pharisee’s were guilty of focusing on the external while neglecting the heart.  Legalism leads to depression, pride, guilt, anxiety, frustration and despair.  More importantly, it robs God of His glory and deceives man to believe a false standard of spirituality.  It seeks to render useless the passive and active obedience of Christ! Gal. 2:21, 1:6-8).  Legalism is not the way of salvation!  Rom. 3:20 because by the works  of the Law no flesh will be justified in His sight; for through the Law comes the knowledge of sin.  You must look to the finished Work of Christ alone for salvation!  John 14:6  Jesus  said to him, “I am  the way, and  the truth, and  the life; no one comes to the Father, but through Me.  Repent of any Legalism in your life and look to the risen Savior!


Alexander Whyte  

“Watch yourselves well, for you all have a large piece of this worldly-wise man in yourselves…. It is a sure sign to you that you do not yet know the plague of your own heart, unless you know yourself to be a man more set upon the position and praise that come from God only.  Set a watch on your own worldly heart.  Watch and pray, lest you also enter into all Worldly-wise mans temptation”









Christian: I know what I would obtain; it is ease from my heavy burden.

Mr. Worldly Wiseman: But why wilt thou seek for ease this way, seeing so many dangers attend it? especially since (hadst thou but patience to hear me) I could direct thee to the obtaining of what thou desirest, without the dangers that thou in this way wilt run thyself into. Yea, and the remedy is at hand. Besides, I will add, that instead of those dangers, thou shalt meet with much safety, friendship, and content.

Christian: Sir, I pray open this secret to me.


Mr. Worldly Wiseman: Why, in yonder village (the village is named Morality) there dwells a gentleman whose name is Legality, a very judicious man, and a man of a very good name, that has skill to help men off with such burdens as thine is from their shoulders; yea to my knowledge, he hath done a great deal of good this way; aye, and besides, he hath skill to cure those that are somewhat crazed in their wits with their burdens.

To him, as I said, thou mayest go, and be helped presently. His house is not quite a mile from this place; and if he should not be at home himself, he hath a pretty young man to his son, whose name is Civility, that can do it (to speak on) as well as the old gentleman himself: there, I say, thou mayest be eased of thy burden; and if thou art not minded to go back to thy former habitation, (as indeed I would not wish thee,) thou mayest send for thy wife and children to this village, where there are houses now standing empty, one of which thou mayest have at a reasonable rate: provision is there also cheap and good; and that which will make thy life the more happy is, to be sure there thou shalt live by honest neighbors, in credit and good fashion. Worldly-Wiseman

Now was Christian somewhat at a stand; but presently he concluded, If this be true which this gentleman hath said, my wisest course is to take his advice: and with that he thus farther spake.

Christian: Sir, which is my way to this honest man’s house?
Mr. Worldly Wiseman: Do you see yonder high hill?
Christian: Yes, very well.
Mr. Worldly Wiseman: By that hill you must go, and the first house you come at is his.


So Christian turned out of his way to go to Mr. Legality’s house for help: but, behold,

when he was got now hard by the hill, it seemed so high, and also that side of it that was next the way-side did hang so much over, that Christian was afraid to venture further, lest the hill should fall on his head; wherefore there he stood still, and wotted not what to do. Also his burden now seemed heavier to him than while he was in his way. There came also flashes of fire, Ex. 19:16, 18, out of the hill, that made Christian afraid that he should be burnt: here therefore he did sweat and quake for fear. Heb. 12:21. And now he began to be sorry that he had taken Mr. Worldly Wiseman’s counsel; and with that he saw Evangelist coming to meet him, at the sight also of whom he began to blush for shame. So Evangelist drew nearer and nearer; and coming up to him, he looked upon him, with a severe and dreadful countenance, and thus began to reason with Christian.



Now as Christian was walking solitary by himself, he espied one afar off come crossing over the field to meet him; and their hap was to meet just as they were crossing the way of each other. The gentleman’s name that met him was Mr. Worldly Wiseman: he dwelt in the town of Carnal Policy, a very great town, and also hard by from whence Christian came. This man then, meeting with Christian, and having some inklingof him, (for Christian’s setting forth from the city of Destruction was much noised abroad, not only in the town where he dwelt, but also it began to be the town-talk in some other places)—Mr. Worldly Wiseman, therefore, having some guess of him, by beholding his laborious going, by ob- serving his sighs and groans, and the like, began thus to enter into some talk with Christian.


Mr. Worldly Wiseman: How now, good fellow, whither away after this burdened manner?


Christian: A burdened manner indeed, as ever I think poor creature had! And whereas you ask me, Whither away? I tell you, sir, I am going to yonder wicket-gate before me; for there, as I am informed, I shall be put into a way to be rid of my heavy burden.


Mr. Worldly Wiseman: Hast thou a wife and children?

Christian: Yes; but I am so laden with this burden, that I cannot take that pleasure in them as formerly: methinks I am as if I had none.

Mr. Worldly Wiseman: Wilt thou hearken to me, if I give thee counsel?
Christian: If it be good, I will; for I stand in need of good counsel.

Mr. Worldly Wiseman: I would advise thee, then, that thou with all speed get thyself rid of thy burden; for thou wilt never be settled in thy mind till then: nor canst thou enjoy the benefits of the blessings which God hath bestowed upon thee till then.


Christian: That is that which I seek for, even to be rid of this heavy burden: but get it off myself I cannot, nor is there any man in our country that can take it off my shoulders; therefore am I going this way, as I told you, that I may be rid of my burden.

Mr. Worldly Wiseman: Who bid thee go this way to be rid of thy burden?


Christian: A man that appeared to me to be a very great and honorable person: his name, as I remember, is Evangelist.

Mr. Worldly Wiseman: I beshrew him for his counsel! there is not a more dangerous and troublesome way in the world than is that into which he hath directed thee; and that thou shalt find, if thou wilt be ruled by his counsel. Thou hast met with something, as I perceive, already; for I see the dirt of the Slough of Despond is upon thee: but that slough is the beginning of the sorrows that do attend those that go on in that way. Hear me; I am older than thou: thou art like to meet with, in the way which thou goest, wearisomeness, painfulness, hunger, perils, nakedness, sword, lions, dragons, darkness, and, in a word, death, and what not. These things are certainly true, having been confirmed by many testi- monies. And should a man so carelessly cast away himself, by giving heed to a stranger?


Christian: Why, sir, this burden on my back is more terrible to me than are all these things which you have mentioned: nay, methinks I care not what I meet with in the way, if so be I can also meet with deliverance from my burden.

Mr. Worldly Wiseman: How camest thou by thy burden at first?

Christian: By reading this book in my hand.
Mr. Worldly Wiseman: I thought so; and it has happened unto thee as to other weak  men, who, meddling with things too high for them, do suddenly fall into thy distractions; which distractions do not only unman men, as thine I perceive have done thee, but they run them upon desperate ventures, to obtain they know not what

Christian: I know what I would obtain; it is ease from my heavy burden.



05 Pliable

Now I saw in my dream, that by this time Pliable was got home to his house(in the city of destruction).


So his neighbors came to visit him; and some of them called him wise man for coming back, and

some called him fool for hazarding himself with Christian: others again did mock at his cowardliness, saying, “Surely, since you began to venture, I would not have been so base as to have given out for a few difficulties:” so Pliable sat sneaking among them.


But at last he got more confidence, and then they all turned their tales, and began to deride poor Christian behind his back. And thus much concerning Pliable.



Pliable represents those who hear the gospel and immediately manifest an interest.

He is also like those who want a crown without a cross

Pliable is like a jellyfish being swept along by each passing tide


“Christian is led by Principle; while Pliable is urged on only by impulse”

Pliable is like Temporary and Talkative, who are like the shallow ground (rocky soil) hearer, who have “no root in themselves, but is temporary”  Matt 13:20-21